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Qurbani and Moon Sighting 2024 (1445 AH)

Tuesday, May 7th, 2024

https://moonsighting.com/1445zhj.html

What’s the link between Qurbani and moon-sighting? When mosques announce Eid in the UK there tends to be a passionate debate about whether the announcement is correct or not based on moon-sighting.

As such we’ve had concerned customers ask us if their Qurbani is valid when they perform Eid-al-Adha on a different day to the rest. We have collated our responses below based on our experience and discussions with ulema on this topic. We have previously amalgamated all Qurbani fiqh rules here.

The following topics are discussed below

  • When is the expected date for Qurbani 2024?
  • Key points to bear in mind
  • Qurbani performed before Eid Salah is INVALID
  • Is the slaughterman’s Eid Salah or my Eid Salah the most relevant?
  • Qurbani performed after the slaughterman’s Eid Salah is VALID but Qurbani performed after YOUR Eid Salah is Mustahib (RECOMMENDED)
  • What if my Eid-al-Adha is the day after the Qurbani is performed?
  • Is the slaughterman required to pray Eid Salah before performing Qurbani?
  • The consequences of invalid “Qurbani” slaughtered before time
  • Qurbani fraud & carcass label
  • What is the earliest possible time the slaughterhouse could start Qurbani?

This blog is intended to educate and is NOT definitive so if there are any gaps or you have further knowledge or experience that will help improve this blog then please email us at online@euroqualitylambs.co.uk.

When is the expected date for Qurbani 2024?

Based on the Saudi Umm-ul-Qura calendar the expected date of Saudi announcement for Dhul Hijjah is on Thursday evening 6th June 2024 where they are expected to announce 1st Dhul Hijjah for Friday 7th June and hence 10th Dhul Hijjah, the day of Qurbani (Udhiya/Nahr in Arabic), for Sunday 16th June.

The Umm-ul-Qura calendar is a pre-calculated calendar which Saudi normally follow. However on the evening of the 6th of June, as per the map below, it will be impossible to see the new crescent moon in Arabia (or indeed all of Europe, Africa, Asia etc.).

https://moonsighting.com/1445zhj.html
https://moonsighting.com/1445zhj.html

Those who wish to observe the sunnah of local moon-sighting can refer to the Muslim Astronomor’s moon-visibility website MoonSighting.com. It will be easy to sight the moon on Friday 7th June in Africa, Europe, Middle East and Asia (as per the map below). Thus for local moonsighting the 1st of Dhul Hijjah will begin on Saturday 8th June and the 10th of Dhul Hijjah will be Monday 17th June for local-moonsighting.

Further references can be found here

KEY POINTS TO BEAR IN MIND

Whilst performing Eid-al-Adha is a communal salah for which decision should be taken collectively as a group, the act of Qurbani is an individual ibadah and can take place at any time during the three days of tashreek (10,11,12 Dhul Hijjah).

Qurbani performed before Eid Salah is INVALID

Apart from an invalid animal, Qurbani will be INVALID if it is performed BEFORE Eid salah. Such meat will be classified as regular Halal meat rather than Qurbani meat.

Anas (radiyallhu ‘anhu) reported that Allah’s Messenger (salallhu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: “The one who slaughtered before the ‘Eid prayer, then his sacrifice is not counted, rather it is merely meat that he had offered to his family.”

Sahih Bukhari, Muslim

Is the slaughterman’s Eid Salah or my Eid Salah the most relevant?

In the UK slaughter must be performed by licenced slaughtermen holding a professional Certificate of Competence licence. Hence the act of slaughter/sacrifice must be delegated to a Muslim slaughterman, as indeed it is done at Makkah during Hajj. When Qurbani slaughter is delegated it is the Eid Salah of the slaughterman that is the most relevant.

Qurbani performed after the slaughterman’s Eid Salah is VALID but Qurbani performed after YOUR Eid Salah is Mustahib (RECOMMENDED)

Qurbani performed after the slaughterman’s Eid Salah, but before your Eid Salah, is perfectly valid. However based on the hadith it would be considered mustahib (recommended) that your Qurbani is performed after YOUR Eid Salah.

In the UK there tends to be hourly Eid jamaats in large masjids between 7am to 12pm. You can ask your butcher or abattoir to perform your Qurbani after Zawaal (noon) which tends to be around 1.20pm in UK Summer time. For more peace of mind they can do it the following day so you know with certainty that your Qurbani was performed after your Eid salah. After all there are three days of Eid!

What if my Eid-al-Adha is the day after the Qurbani is performed?

As long as your Qurbani was performed after the slaughterman did his Eid salah it is perfectly valid. The fact that his Eid Salah was on a different day to yours does not affect its validity, much like if you were performing Qurbani abroad through a charity the relevance would be on when the slaughterman at that locality prayed Eid Salah.

Nonetheless it is mustahib (recommended) that your Qurbani is preformed after YOUR Eid Salah. Speak to your butcher/abattoir/charity to ask if they can perform it after the time and day you would prefer. After all you can let them know in advance as Dhul Hijjah is always announced ten days earlier!

Euro Quality Lambs has invested in a Qurbani carcass labelling system that prints time & date on the ticket so you can be assured of the time your Qurbani was carried out. Learn more in the video below.

Is the slaughterman required to pray Eid Salah before performing Qurbani?

The hadiths make clear that the person slaughtering the Qurbani must pray Eid Salah before doing so. The slaughterman is acting as an agent on behalf of the person performing Qurbani and thus he MUST perform his Eid Salah before starting Qurbani.

Ask the abattoir where the slaughtermen pray their Eid salah. They must make a facility available for them to do so onsite if there are no local masjids. There must be at least three men, an Imam and two followers minimum, or more for an Eid salah to be valid.

The consequences of invalid “Qurbani” slaughtered before time

Any “Qurbani” animals slaughtered before time is invalid and must be performed again according to the following hadith.

Jundab bin Sufyan Al-Bajali reported, ‘I witnessed the Prophet (saw) on the Day of Nahr (or Eid day). He (saw) said, “Whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before offering the Eid prayer, should slaughter another sacrifice in its place; and whoever has not slaughtered their sacrifice yet, should slaughter now”’

Sahih Bukhari

Qurbani fraud & carcass label

Due to the huge Qurbani demand each year many non-Muslim abattoirs in particular sell invalid “Qurbani” meat which is slaughtered before the slaughterman’s Eid Salah. Ask them what time they started Qurbani and ask for your Qurbani carcass label with time and date printed on it.

Support the Halal Food Information Centre’s Qurbani Label campaign by spreading it on social media!

What is the earliest possible time the slaughterhouse could start Qurbani?

The earliest time an abattoir can start Qurbani slaughter is sunrise plus around 45 minutes at their location. 15 minutes after sunrise allows for the sun to completely rise and a further 15 minutes allows the Eid salah and khutbah to be completed. A further 15 minutes allows time for the slaughterhouse operatives to leave, change and be ready for the first slaughter.

If you know the abattoir location its exact sunrise time can be found here https://moonsighting.com/pray.phpAt EQL the exact time for sunrise on Sunday 16th June and Monday 17th June is 4:48am. We thus expect to pray Eid Salah at 5.00am, leave at 5.15am and start the first Qurbani slaughter approximately 5.30am.

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